Korean War Memorial

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nurses in world war 1:

Korean War Memorial
nurses in world war 1
Image by dbking
Korean War Memorial

—Dedicated in 1987 to honor the veterans who served in Korea, 1950-1953

—one of only two war memorials that was created and built by those who served in the war since they felt as thought they were “forgotten” or not respected in their own times. The other one being the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.

—Monument includes (recognizes) all branches of the military, the support groups, and the 22 nations that sent supplies and personnel in support of the United Nations action

—The monument designed as a circle intersected by a triangle which represents the Korean peninsula.

—There are 19 statues sculpted by Frank Gaylord of Barre, Vt., and cast by Tallix Foundries of Beacon, N.Y. They are approximately 7’3" tall, heroic scale and consist of 14 Army, 3 Marines, 1 Navy, 1 Air Force. They represent an ethnic cross section of America with 12 Caucasian, 3 African American, 2 Hispanic, 1 Oriental, 1 Indian (Native American) all marching toward the American flag = “home/security”

—The 19 statues are reflected in the wall which double the number to 38 representing the 38th parallel which most of the war was fought near as well as the 38 months that the war was fought

—The juniper bushes are meant to be symbolic of the rough terrain encountered in Korea, and the granite stripes of the obstacles overcome in war.

—The Marines in column have the helmet chin straps fastened and helmet covers. Three of the Army statues are wearing paratrooper boots and all equipment is authentic from the Korean War era (when the war started most of the equipment was WWII issue).

—Three of the statues are in the woods, so if you are at the flagpole looking through the troops, you can’t tell how many there are, and could be legions emerging from the woods. The statues are made of stainless steel, a reflective material that when seen in bright sunlight causes the figures to come to life.

—The blowing ponchos give motion to the column, so you can feel them walking up the hill with the cold winter wind at their backs, talking to one another.

—At nighttime the fronts of the statues are illuminated with a special white light; the finer details of the sculpture are clearly seen and the ghosts appear on the wall.

—The Mural Wall was designed by Louis Nelson of New York, N.Y., and fabricated by Cold Spring Granite Company, Cold Spring, Min. The wall consists of 41 panels extending 164 feet. Over 15,000 photographs of the Korean War were obtained from the National Archives to create the mural. The photographs were enhanced by computer to develop a uniform lighting effect and size, and to create a mural with over 2,400 images. The mural depicts Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force and Coast Guard personnel and their equipment. The etchings are arranged to give a wavy appearance in harmony with the layout of the statues. The reflective quality of the Academy Black Granite creates the image of a total 38 statues, symbolic of the 38th Parallel and the 38 months of the war. When viewed from afar, it also creates the appearance of the mountain ranges of Korea.

—Upon close inspection, you will see that all of the images look straight out from the wall over the platoon of statues; the soldiers they were there to support.
Included are etchings of the U.S. Army supporting artillery, rocket launchers, 240mm self-propelled guns, antiaircraft artillery, projectiles, armored vehicles, tank crewmen, Patton Tanks, M.A.S.H. units, rescue helicopters, surgeons, nurses, ambulances, blood transfusions, stretcher bearers, chaplains representing all denominations, mine clearing, bridge building, road and airfield construction, supply centers, ammunition and fuel dumps, placing communication lines, switchboards and radio communications.

Etchings show U.S. Air Force air-ground controllers, AT-6’s, F-80’s, F-86’s, P-51’s, C-47’s, C-97’s pilots, crewmen bombs, air evacuation, paratroopers, airborne assaults and aerial re-supply.

Also shown are U.S. Navy air evacuation, hospital ships, iron lung, air landing officer, Corsair pilots, submarines, Seabees, landing forces, ships: APA’s, AKA’s, LC1’s, LCVP’s. Also shown are POW handing, traffic control, military police, Red Cross, canine corps, KATUSA’s (Koreans attached to the U.S. Army), photographers, reporters and a shrine.

—To the south of the Memorial are three beds of Rose of Sharon hibiscus plants. This plant is the national flower of South Korea.

Pool of Remembrance:
Honoring the dead, the missing the POW’s and the wounded from the U.S. and UN Forces…statistics engraved in stone…walk out into the pool area on a peninsula symbolic of Republic of Korea, which is a peninsula.

UN Curb:
Twenty-two nations responded to the UN call to defend freedom and repel the communist aggression…names of all nations are engraved on the curb stone along the north entrance. Seventeen nations provided combat units, five provided medical support.

Honor Roll:
The Honor Roll contains all verifiable names of those on active duty who were killed in action, still listed as missing in action, and captured as prisoners of war in the Korean War (these names come from the National Archives, DoD and relatives). Those who died elsewhere in the in service to their country in the cause of freedom during the Korean War, June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953, will also be included if family and friends so request and have verifiable data.

History:
On June 25, 1950, the North Korean offensive started from four locations across the 38th parallel into South Korea. In 41 days the South Korean and American forces would be driven back into the Pusan perimeter, just a few miles from the southern shore of the tip of South Korea. In August reinforcements from the Eighth Army and Marine Corps would arrive.

By the end of September the Eighth Army would break out of the Pusan perimeter while Infantry and Marine Corps landed at Inchon and liberated Seoul, the capital of South Korea. Three months later Marines, forward details from the Army and other British, French, Turkish, South Korean and other United Nations forces would stand at the Yalu River, the border between Korea and China, thinking the war was nearly over. Soon after reaching the border, a force of 300,000 Chinese troops who had moved into North Korea during the UN advance and concealed themselves in the mountainous terrain, attacked the UN forces from the rear. The UN forces would soon be fighting their way back to the coast to be taken off by the Navy or to secure positions in the south. The next 2½ years of the conflict would become trench warfare or battles for hilltops fought back and forth across the 38th parallel. During the war several decisions were made that would set the course of World history. Prior to the conflict America was disarming from World War II, ignoring the communist threat. After the North Korean invasion, President Truman set the doctrine that no country would fall to communism. It marked the beginning of the end of the Soviet Union and established our industrial base for the next 50 years.

Message on the wall (In BOLD)
"FREEDOM IS NOT FREE"…
It Takes legions of men and women who fight a war against oppression…a memorial of faces, complimenting the memorial of names across the reflecting pool…
"OUR NATION HONORS HER SONS AND DAUGHTERS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO DEFEND A COUNTRY THEY NEVER KNEW AND A PEOPLE THEY NEVER MET"

The Korean Conflict
NOTE: Although many people refer to this conflict as the "Korean War", the U.S. Congress never officially declared war in Korea.

•Shortly after World War II, the Korean Peninsula was divided at the 38th Parallel; land lying to the north eventually formed the Communist-aligned People’s Republic of China; U.S.-sponsored elections in the south led to the forming of the Republic of Korea in 1948

•Kim Il Sung, leader of North Korea, sought to unify the Peninsula under Communist rule and launched a military attack along the 38th Parallel on June 25, 1950. By June 28, the North Koreans had captured Seoul and were advancing further south.

•South Korean troops were quickly overwhelmed and sought the support of the United Nations. In September 1950, UN troops landed in Inchon, took back Seoul and South Korea and began to advance north as far as the Yalu River, which forms the border between China and North Korea.

•The Chinese government responded with military forces between November 1950 and January 1951 and the combined effort of the Chinese and North Korean troops forced the UN forces to retreat. The Communist forces soon recaptured Seoul and North Korea.

•A two-year stalemate began in summer 1951, with neither side advancing far beyond the 38th Parallel. During the 1952 United States Presidential elections, candidate Dwight Eisenhower stated, if elected, "I will go to Korea." After his election, he warned Communist Chinese leaders that, if they did not sign an armistice agreement, he would "not be constrained" in the weapons he would use, a statement interpreted as a reference to the possibility of using nuclear weapons.

•On July 27, 1953, the United Nations, North Korea, and China signed an armistice agreement in Panmunjom, reestablishing the two Korean countries with a border just north of the 38th Parallel.

•54,246 Americans lost their lives during the Korean Conflict in a period of 38 months. In comparison, 58,245 died in Vietnam over a period of just over 17 years.

Caduceus
nurses in world war 1
Image by HockeyholicAZ
From Sculptor James Nathaniel Muir’s website, www.jamesmuir.com :

"Caduceus", recognized as a universal medical symbol, in this bronze representation by James N. Muir has become and Angel of Healing bringing love and peace upon the earth and all of its inhabitants. She is 12 feet high with a 9-foot wing span and includes fountain capabilities.

In a limited edition of 12.

"My goal is to see these "Seven Ladies on Seven Continents" transcending individual differences to become a unifying symbol for the universal kinship of humanity and all creation in a physical metaphor representing the spiritual connection between all things. To help bring the healing power of love into the earth, ushering in a new era of Peace."
James Nathan Muir

"Recognized internationally as the universal symbol of Medicine, the "Caduceus" has become an Angel of Healing rising, like the mythical Phoenix heralding a New Era of harmony and Peace, to heal the Earth and all its inhabitants with Love as the Master Physician."

The word "Caduceus" (Ka-doo’-seus) originates from the Greek "karykeion", itself derived from "karyx" meaning a herald’s badge or staff. In latin, the word, "Caduceum" means practically the same. The caduceus was worn or displayed by Roman surgeons, official messengers, and by military emissaries to signify a cessation of hostilities on the battlefield. It symbolized the herald of the gods, –Mercury in Rome and Hermes in Greece–who carried a winged wand on which were coiled two serpents, symbolizing male and female. Legend was that Hermes came upon two serpents at war and, in his beguiling manner placed a staff, which Aesculapius had given him (also a symbol used in Medicine), between them whereupon entwining with it, they ceased warring and began loving one another thus expressing unity, fertility, and peace.

While Hermes was sometimes associated with more roguish elements, in the third century, along with being guardian of health, he came to be connected with theology and philosophy. Later, in the sixteenth century, though not himself a physician, chemistry, pharmacy and medicine came under his domain as well. In 2000 B.C., records indicate the physician to the Sumerian King used the symbol of a staff entwined with two serpents. In 1856, it was selected as the emblem of the U.S. Marine Hospital Service, the Public Health Service in 1871, The U.S. Army Medical Corps in 1902, then the Dental Corps, Veterinary Corps, Army Nursing Corps, and the Sanitary Corps. The American Medical Association officially employed it in 1912. (from "The Virtual Hospital" by Clifford C. Snyder, M.D.).

At this critical juncture in world history, the Caduceus seems a uniquely appropriate symbol for the redirection of hatred and conflict by the staff of a higher Power to produce unification, harmony and peace on earth. As "Quo Vadis" depicts our upward spiritual journey, "Caduceus" expresses the initial spiritual flow of energy from Creator to Creation. Also like "Quo Vadis", the symbologies run so deep and complex that, other than a brief overview, the allegories are best left to the personal insight of each individual.

The seven-rayed crown or tiara in the form of a nurse’s cap and the crown of Liberty (physical and spiritual) also refers to the seven energy centers of the body as well as to the seven ancient Hermetic causes of "dis-ease." The latter being physical: (1) misuse of faculty, organ or function, (2) presence of foreign substances, impurities or obstructions in the system, and superphysical: (3) unhealthy (negative) mental attitudes (thoughts), (4) imbalance (disharmony) between the physical and spiritual nature, (5) internal spiritual influences, (6) external spiritual influences, (7) astrological energy influences. More directly, the seven rays issue forth the likewise ancient healing energies to flow down the seven ringlets of hair upon a disparate world: (1) practical allopathic medicine, (2) naturopathic medicine of diet, exercise and daily healthful habits, (3) homeopathic medicine of nature’s herbs, (4) vibration and color, (5) amulets, (6) invocations, and (7) prayer, which cures all but requires faith.

The jewel on her forehead, over the mystical third or spiritual eye, represents vision with full intuitive insight and acuity into the esoteric world of healing and metaphysical reality. The "sun-moon" of the earrings are traditional symbols for the "doctor-patient" relationship but herein reflect the perfect balance of the fully spiritualized energy of the "Yang" and the "Yin", mind-heart symbols. At her back, the feather of Truth (Ma’at) is tied at the juncture where the two polarities of her braids become one in completeness. The "ANKH", the "key" or "staff" of life is an ancient healing device pre-dating Egypt’s symbolic use by thousands of years. Here it is combined with the equally ancient "Rose Croix" (cross) of spiritual unfoldment over a divine trinity of leaves, along with three nails signifying the sacrifice of the lower self (Mind, Emotional Body, Soul) for the resurrection of the true Higher Self. The jewel rests upon her breast to radiate down healing energy in the form of rain water flowing forth through her open exposed heart.

The nine-foot wings (the number nine being the number of Unconditional Universal Love as well as "Mankind") with their twenty-four primary feathers, expand to shield, protect and uplift a disparate and fearful world. The Lady’s hands raised in blessing, with one and two fingers raised to signify the two universal commandments also for the twin signs for "Love" and "Peace." Her left hand bears the wedding ring of perfect union with the Creator, a marriage of Heaven and Earth, while her right hand bears the ancient signature ring of –in service to the Creator through service to His creation.

In a whirlwind of energy, her hair ribbons radiate to the ends of the earth: the front ribbons with twelve suns symbolic of the months of the solar year and the higher, universal life cycle this world of humanity in transiting, the rear ribbons with one hundred and forty-four (twelve-square) stars symbolizing a new enlightened level of awareness. The bow at the top, with one and seven stars, suggests the crest of the mythical "Phoenix" bird as she rises out of the ashes of the old-world thinking of mankind, and, with acute vision, sees and comprehends the truth in all things. The "Ourobaros", the serpent swallowing its tail in eternal resurrection and renewal like the Phoenix herself, continues its never-ending cycle around her crown.

Whirling up in their own double vortex of energy rise the twin serpents of the Caduceus. Like the serpents which the Hopi legends say reside at the earth’s poles awaiting the time to be re-awakened into activity, they are kept in balance by her wisdom in a symbiotic relationship of spiritual/physical, heart/head energies and form the double helix of the human DNA molecule. The python represents the "spiritual" while the cobra symbolizes the "body"; both in harmony provide a balance point or fulcrum for the "mind" to bring forth peace and healing.

The old earth symbolically, and literally, is falling away to reveal the golden orb of a new world of enlightenment, harmony and peace. America is transformed into the genesis of that New Era, tasked to responsibly lead the way into a brighter and better future for all. If she fails in this regeneration, then her fate is sealed and the Phoenix shall rise from the ashes of her funeral pyre.

The base establishes the orientation of the four quarters with the center, the sacred point or "Sanctum Sanctorum" being the earth herself. While we, as humans, must heal the earth, the earth must first heal us humans. The perfect elixir of the mythical "philosopher’s stone" combined the four elements in ideal balance to heal any "dis-ease." This magic elixir flows forth gentle as the rain from the spouts of each element — Fire, Water, Air, Earth–through Truth and Peace to the four corners of the earth. The true physician can only heal through the power of love and, though the lessons will be hard ones, the earth will teach us love-love for this sacred living planet, love for all creation, and perhaps even love for ourselves. Then, and only then, will we take our rightful place as master physicians to share the promise of Caduceus’ enigmatic dolphin in healing the earth and being the true stewards of all creation. As the most important symbol of all, the benevolent, compassionate expression of the lady herself, is to remind us all that perfect healing must begin with perfect love and, even in the darkest hour of the darkest night of the soul, Love will be the Master Physician.

James Nathan Muir

Vimy 100 Day 1 | Jour 1
nurses in world war 1
Image by VAC-ACC
Nursing Sister Maxine Brendt learns about life in the tunnels and trenches during the First World War at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial.

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L’infirmière de guerre Maxine Brendt en apprend davantage à propos de la vie dans les tunnels et les tranchées pendant la Première Guerre mondiale au Mémorial national du Canada à Vimy.