Though health care facilities have improved drastically throughout the world, major part of rural India is still deprived of it.
We need to bring global best practices in India as nursing in countries like UK, Canada and US is different from here.
We need to bring Mobile Health Clinics from Britain to India as there is a massive need for such clinics in rural India. For older generation who cannot mobilize themselves, we need to explore new forms of solutions for the problems explained by Gerontology.
What are Mobile Health Clinics?
These clinics are vehicles such as bus or van that consists of all the required equipments that are helpful in assessing and treating the patients. For example, the Dental mobile clinic would have fully Automatic Adjustable Dental Chair, Wall Mounted Adjustable X-Ray Facility, Overhead Operating Light, Dental Cart, Hot & Cold running water and trolley mounted instrument storage.
There are various types of mobile Health Clinics such as STD (sexually transmitted diseases) screening Mobile health Clinics, Dental Mobile Clinics, Occupational Health Mobile Clinics, GP Surgery and Chiropody Clinics.
These clinics are an innovative way of treating the patients at their door steps. The use of mobile health teams (nursing staff) to provide basic services to rural villages is a significant strategy that has been tried extensively throughout the world and its time to implement this global best practice in INDIA as well.
According to a survey by Smile Foundation (2002) that works for the welfare of underprivileged children in India, Mobile Health Clinics play an important role in delivering health care facilities to the society. The survey highlights that though since independence, there is a great improvement in the health care system of India, but still majority of the facilities are non accessible when it comes to rural areas.
Furthermore, there is an urgent need of bringing quality nursing care in rural areas.
Smile foundation (2002) has started “Smile on wheels” programme that seeks to address issues of mobility, accessibility and availability of primary health care with a special focus on children and women, in urban slums and remote rural areas. At present, it has 10 mobile hospitals that are operating in 126 slums and villages in 9 states of India.
Initially, Mobile Health Clinics (MHCs) were started by ARR (Action for Rural Rejuvenation) in 2003 to service less accessible rural areas in India. They used to provide timely medical care to people who could not access basic health facilities due to financial constraints or region’s remoteness. Then in 2011Isha foundation started mobile health clinics, the main aim of which was to provide basic health care facilities, distribute medicines and create health awareness in rural residents. The 20 MHCs (Mobile Health clinics) in operation were accessible to 2.2 million rural people. The clinic includes all the necessary equipments with a medical laboratory, diagnostic equipment and a pharmacy and includes a physician, two Nurses and a yoga teacher who provide health care services and yoga training to patients. These mobile health clinics were capable of assessing and treating approximately 100 patients per day.